[Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz] epub La Monadologie free – Book, Kindle or DOC


  • Paperback
  • 114
  • La Monadologie
  • Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz
  • en
  • 09 April 2019
  • 9781494859169

10 thoughts on “La Monadologie

  1. says:

    What a delightfully bizarre reading experience this has been Who needs mind altering substances when you have Leibnizian metaphysics? I doubt any psychoactive chemicals could take one on a trip into as ueer realms as this work opens up Surely

  2. says:

    Very humbling think I was able to understand about 5% still glad I stuck it out

  3. says:

    So that's what monads are Leibniz is one of the best thinkers I have ever come across and he's a very clear writer This book makes me think of the line besides that Mrs Lincoln how did you like the play Because if you can get past the best possible of all worlds the necessary and absolute that he claims he gets from 'a priori' and '

  4. says:

    Those monads drove me nuts in my undergraduate Early Modern Philosophy class where I was perfectly beguiled by Locke and Hume I remember sitting in the class on Leibniz day being like So WHAT ARE THE MONADS? Am I a

  5. says:

    This is a strange book It's the presentation of Leibniz's beliefs on metaphysics through the use of an idea called a monad which is essentially a single piece of metaphysical stuff? that forms everything in the world These monads are essentially pre programmed by God to unfold in a particular way eventually acting in such a way that it seems like they're interacting with other monads but this is actually an illusion cause and effect are s

  6. says:

    A machince constructed by man’s skill is not a machine in each of its parts; for instance the teeth of a brass wheel have parts or bits which to us are not artificial products and contain nothing in themselves to show that the use to which the wheel was destined in the machine The machines of nature however tha

  7. says:

    It was recommended that I read Leibniz to prep for Critiue of Pure Reason by Immanuel Kant so I checked out this short summary of his work I listened to the audiobook which was just under an hour in length The preface claimed that it wouldn't

  8. says:

    Leibniz's mature philosophical system written for the serious metaphysician Leibniz discusses in depth Monads souls minds arguments for God the universe as pre established harmony and man's relationship to God

  9. says:

    Leibniz's Monadology is notoriously difficult reading Even students that have a basic understanding of the devel

  10. says:

    for my philosophy class the only thing getting me through this book was that it would make chidi proud also this is the guy voltaire satirized in candide which made it a little funny

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Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz ¹ 1 DOWNLOAD

La Monadologie

S und Dogmatismus hinlanglich abgefertigt zu haben Selbst Leibnitz dem es Manche nicht verzeihen konnten dass er franzosisch geschrieben war zu grossem Theile Tradition Seine Monaden waren popular seine Theodicee nannte man hie und da; von seinem bedeutenden Einfluss auf die Folge und Neuzeit war wenig. Those monads drove me nuts in my undergraduate Early Modern Philosophy class where I was perfectly beguiled by Locke and Hume I remember sitting in the class on Leibniz day being like So WHAT ARE THE MONADS Am I a monad Is the table a monad Are the atoms that make up the table monads Yes HOW THIS IS INSANE I will also never forget Leibniz s bypassing of cause and effect via the notion that monads do not interact they only appear to through the conjunction of the unfolding of their individual natures Trippy stuff Wow this is actually making me miss my undergrad years handmade-garden-projects-step-by-step-instructions-for-creative-garden-features-containers-lighting-and-more geschrieben war zu classic-cars-calendar-2018-16-month-calendar grossem Theile Tradition Seine Monaden waren popular seine Theodicee nannte man hie und da; von seinem bedeutenden Einfluss auf die Folge und Neuzeit war wenig. Those monads drove me nuts in my undergraduate Early Modern Philosophy class where I was perfectly beguiled by Locke and Hume I remember sitting in the class on Leibniz day being like So WHAT ARE THE MONADS Am I a monad Is the table a monad Are the atoms that make up the table monads Yes HOW THIS IS INSANE I will also never forget Leibniz s bypassing of cause and effect via the notion that monads do not interact they only appear to through the conjunction of the unfolding of their individual natures Trippy stuff Wow this is actually making me miss my undergrad years

SUMMARY ç MUCID.ME ¹ Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz

Noch vor ganz kurzer Zeit dachte man wenn von deutscher Philosophie die Rede war beinahe ausschliesslich an Kant und seine Nachfolger mit welchen das Licht in der Finsterniss aufgegangen sei Was vor ihm auf diesem Felde geschehen ignorirte man entweder ganz oder man glaubte es mit dem Namen Wolffianismu. What a delightfully bizarre reading experience this has been Who needs mind altering substances when you have Leibnizian metaphysics I doubt any psychoactive chemicals could take one on a trip into as ueer realms as this work opens up Surely among the strangest species of metaphysical cartography in existence and this says a lot since the category of metaphysical ueerness is a very competitive category indeed And what is even bizarre is how much sense this makes Stranger still is that he is right on so many points particularly in his sustained argument against reductionism which still seems relevant to helping us gain traction on some of the dilemmas that plague us today as inheritors of the Cartesian mechanist reductionist paradigm for describing nature His metaphysical project here basically outlines the conceptual parameters for an alternative dynamic systems approach to the description of nature which intriguingly seems to avoid some of the contradictions inherent in our view No wonder a version of the Leibnizian view is having a come back via systems theoryFirst of all I ll try to provide a working definition of a monad as best as I understand it since this seems to be a point of confusion among many as it has been for me for the longest time A monad seems to have three functions in Leibniz s system First a monad is an irreducible unit of being In Leibnizian terminology it is a fully determinate individual substance Numerical identity isn t enough to distinguish individuals for Leibniz Monads are according to him what supply us with the logic for singling out individual existents in their fullness Second a monad is a fully determinate causal agent which possesses an internal principle for its change of states I can t help but agree with Leibniz that at the least something like his view makes better sense of causality than does the Cartesian view which registers nature solely as an inert heap of automata Automata make for notoriously poor causal agents Not even efficient causation can be sufficiently grounded in mechanistic structures because you ll always need to postulate a prime mover outside the system to set into motion the otherwise inert aggregate of parts that is nature on such a view Leibniz s monads at the least are genuine causal agentsThird and most intriguingly perhaps a monad is a point of view in the universe His is the only metaphysics I know of that acknowledges perspective as a fundamental metaphysical principle Just as the same city viewed from different directions appears entirely different and as it were multiplied perspectively in just the same way it happens that because of the infinite multitude of simple substances there are as it were just as many different universes which are nevertheless only perspectives on a single one corresponding to the different points of view of each monad or individual existent Fourth monads are defined by their position in a universal web of relations and interchanges Every individual part of the universe is in his system causally affected by the subtlest change in every other part however distant Moreover monads seem to have an almost fractal structure This interconnection or accommodation of all created things to each other and each to all the others brings it about that each simple substance has relations that express all the others and conseuently that each simple substance is a perpetual living mirror of the universe Monads can as such be said to be microcosms with each part of the universe reflecting the whole Thus Leibniz rethinks the whole concept of the partwhole or finiteinfinite relation that is arguably the basis of any paradigm Leibniz even prefigures chaos theory by describing every monad or part as being defined by its relation to every other part Also being characterized by a multitude in the unity as they are they evince a systems logic and general laws seems to emerge from their collective behaviour Monads in being fully individual and yet defined by their interconnection with every other monad or part of the universe provide the ultimate basis for conceiving the unity of phenomena Without this unitary substantial basis Leibniz argues we re left with an incoherent conception of the world as a scattered disconnected aggregate of parts Such a metaphysical worldview Leibniz argues in offering us no basis for conceiving the underlying unity of this aggregate of phenomena makes it impossible to explain the basis for scientific laws which now become ontologically groundless He argues that in the underdetermined mechanistic metaphysical picture all unity causal necessity and law can only be accounted for as artifacts of the mind Thus his concept of an essentially unitary monad implies a critiue of the Cartesian concept of nature as extension Leibniz proposes this redefinition of substance as monad as a solution to the problem of the labyrinth of the composition of the continuum ie of accounting for the continuity of reality via any reductionist approach in terms of the composition of the continuum through either mathematical points or atoms This additive approach already presupposes a continuous basis to support the progressive addition of parts whether conceived as points or as atoms Cartesian mechanism in particular was plagued by the problem of the infinite divisibility of extension This divisibility made it possible to specify stable structures or starting points for any chain of causation within the undifferentiated sea of extended matter Monads as irreducible units offer an end to divisibility while at the same time offering a basis for conceiving the cohesion of reality as well as for the beginning of any given chain of causationBy far the most noteworthy part of his project for me was his effort to articulate what a first person view of the interiority of nature might look like In other words his is an effort to see nature from the inside out from the level of the interiority of objects This perspectival shift is what motivates his description of the monads or fundamental units of existence in mentalistic terms His model for the universe is a pond filled with a density of microscopic life that is as inexhaustible as it is unfathomable His whole system seems to imply a description in terms of a variety of anthropic principle ie what structures we must presuppose to exist in nature if we re to account for organic and mental phenomena The motto Nature is alive is perhaps Leibniz philosophy in a nutshell There is nothing fallow sterile or dead in the universe no chaos and no confusion except in appearance almost as it looks in a pond at a distance where we might see the confused and so to speak teeming motion of the fish in the pond without discerning the fish themselvesIt is interesting that a great logician and co inventor of calculus embarks on such an endeavour From a post Kantian metaphysically skeptical contemporary standpoint it must seem that Leibniz went off his rocker one day and decided to write the Monadology for diversion Interestingly though Leibniz identifies the function of this metaphysical project as one of supplying his logical scientific and mathematical systems with sufficient rational foundations without which these could not be fully rational He claims that he is merely stating what uine would call the ontological commitments we make in these disciplines such as a commitment to the reality of possibles of causality and thus of fully determinate individual agents Herein lies his defense for metaphysics as a whole This defense I think deserves some attention although I must confess that I am of a mainline Kantian persuasion on the matter Now that I think of it though if taken as a knee jerk response even Kantianism can be a dogmatism I guess then that the most pernicious dogmatism is supplied by the thing that purports to inoculate us from dogmatism but I digressIf you re curious open minded and a fan of experiments with drastically different perspectival lens try Leibniz on for size just for the heck of it At the least a mind trip is guaranteed wherein you ll feel someone just lit and dumped a bag full of firecrackers in your brain You might be surprised to find what a great teacher a metaphysician can be in the art of seeing I know I was Try and look at the world as if monadic rather than mechanistic structures characterized the pattern of ultimate reality and see for yourself the magic a metaphysical perspective shift can effect Defect ganz kurzer Zeit dachte man wenn von deutscher Philosophie die Rede war beinahe ausschliesslich an Kant und seine Nachfolger mit welchen das Licht in der Finsterniss aufgegangen sei Was vor ihm auf diesem Felde ethical-decisions-for-social-work-practice geschehen ignorirte man entweder apprendre-agrave-programmer-avec-python-3 ganz oder man witch-at-heart-a-jinx-hamilton-mystery-book-1-english-edition glaubte es mit dem Namen Wolffianismu. What a delightfully bizarre reading experience this has been Who needs mind altering substances when you have Leibnizian metaphysics I doubt any psychoactive chemicals could take one on a trip into as ueer realms as this work opens up Surely among the strangest species of metaphysical cartography in existence and this says a lot since the category of metaphysical ueerness is a very competitive category indeed And what is even bizarre is how much sense this makes Stranger still is that he is right on so many points particularly in his sustained argument against reductionism which still seems relevant to helping us drawing-cutting-edge-anatomy-the-ultimate-reference-for-comic-book-artists gain traction on some of the dilemmas that plague us today as inheritors of the Cartesian mechanist reductionist paradigm for describing nature His metaphysical project here basically outlines the conceptual parameters for an alternative dynamic systems approach to the description of nature which intriguingly seems to avoid some of the contradictions inherent in our view No wonder a version of the Leibnizian view is having a come back via systems theoryFirst of all I ll try to provide a working definition of a monad as best as I understand it since this seems to be a point of confusion among many as it has been for me for the longest time A monad seems to have three functions in Leibniz s system First a monad is an irreducible unit of being In Leibnizian terminology it is a fully determinate individual substance Numerical identity isn t enough to distinguish individuals for Leibniz Monads are according to him what supply us with the logic for singling out individual existents in their fullness Second a monad is a fully determinate causal agent which possesses an internal principle for its change of states I can t help but agree with Leibniz that at the least something like his view makes better sense of causality than does the Cartesian view which registers nature solely as an inert heap of automata Automata make for notoriously poor causal agents Not even efficient causation can be sufficiently united-methodist-hymnal-dark-red grounded in mechanistic structures because you ll always need to postulate a prime mover outside the system to set into motion the otherwise inert aggregate of parts that is nature on such a view Leibniz s monads at the least are tokyo-ghoul-vol-5 genuine causal agentsThird and most intriguingly perhaps a monad is a point of view in the universe His is the only metaphysics I know of that acknowledges perspective as a fundamental metaphysical principle Just as the same city viewed from different directions appears entirely different and as it were multiplied perspectively in just the same way it happens that because of the infinite multitude of simple substances there are as it were just as many different universes which are nevertheless only perspectives on a single one corresponding to the different points of view of each monad or individual existent Fourth monads are defined by their position in a universal web of relations and interchanges Every individual part of the universe is in his system causally affected by the subtlest change in every other part however distant Moreover monads seem to have an almost fractal structure This interconnection or accommodation of all created things to each other and each to all the others brings it about that each simple substance has relations that express all the others and conseuently that each simple substance is a perpetual living mirror of the universe Monads can as such be said to be microcosms with each part of the universe reflecting the whole Thus Leibniz rethinks the whole concept of the partwhole or finiteinfinite relation that is arguably the basis of any paradigm Leibniz even prefigures chaos theory by describing every monad or part as being defined by its relation to every other part Also being characterized by a multitude in the unity as they are they evince a systems logic and the-body-bears-the-burden-trauma-dissociation-and-disease general laws seems to emerge from their collective behaviour Monads in being fully individual and yet defined by their interconnection with every other monad or part of the universe provide the ultimate basis for conceiving the unity of phenomena Without this unitary substantial basis Leibniz argues we re left with an incoherent conception of the world as a scattered disconnected aggregate of parts Such a metaphysical worldview Leibniz argues in offering us no basis for conceiving the underlying unity of this aggregate of phenomena makes it impossible to explain the basis for scientific laws which now become ontologically playing-for-keeps-michael-jordan-and-the-world-he-made-english-edition groundless He argues that in the underdetermined mechanistic metaphysical picture all unity causal necessity and law can only be accounted for as artifacts of the mind Thus his concept of an essentially unitary monad implies a critiue of the Cartesian concept of nature as extension Leibniz proposes this redefinition of substance as monad as a solution to the problem of the labyrinth of the composition of the continuum ie of accounting for the continuity of reality via any reductionist approach in terms of the composition of the continuum through either mathematical points or atoms This additive approach already presupposes a continuous basis to support the progressive addition of parts whether conceived as points or as atoms Cartesian mechanism in particular was plagued by the problem of the infinite divisibility of extension This divisibility made it possible to specify stable structures or starting points for any chain of causation within the undifferentiated sea of extended matter Monads as irreducible units offer an end to divisibility while at the same time offering a basis for conceiving the cohesion of reality as well as for the beginning of any the-forbidden-groom-texas-titan-romances-english-edition given chain of causationBy far the most noteworthy part of his project for me was his effort to articulate what a first person view of the interiority of nature might look like In other words his is an effort to see nature from the inside out from the level of the interiority of objects This perspectival shift is what motivates his description of the monads or fundamental units of existence in mentalistic terms His model for the universe is a pond filled with a density of microscopic life that is as inexhaustible as it is unfathomable His whole system seems to imply a description in terms of a variety of anthropic principle ie what structures we must presuppose to exist in nature if we re to account for organic and mental phenomena The motto Nature is alive is perhaps Leibniz philosophy in a nutshell There is nothing fallow sterile or dead in the universe no chaos and no confusion except in appearance almost as it looks in a pond at a distance where we might see the confused and so to speak teeming motion of the fish in the pond without discerning the fish themselvesIt is interesting that a the-lives-of-the-artists-oxford-world-s-classics great logician and co inventor of calculus embarks on such an endeavour From a post Kantian metaphysically skeptical contemporary standpoint it must seem that Leibniz went off his rocker one day and decided to write the Monadology for diversion Interestingly though Leibniz identifies the function of this metaphysical project as one of supplying his logical scientific and mathematical systems with sufficient rational foundations without which these could not be fully rational He claims that he is merely stating what uine would call the ontological commitments we make in these disciplines such as a commitment to the reality of possibles of causality and thus of fully determinate individual agents Herein lies his defense for metaphysics as a whole This defense I think deserves some attention although I must confess that I am of a mainline Kantian persuasion on the matter Now that I think of it though if taken as a knee jerk response even Kantianism can be a dogmatism I a-level-chemistry-a-for-ocr-student-book-ocr-a-level guess then that the most pernicious dogmatism is supplied by the thing that purports to inoculate us from dogmatism but I digressIf you re curious open minded and a fan of experiments with drastically different perspectival lens try Leibniz on for size just for the heck of it At the least a mind trip is The Curiosities guaranteed wherein you ll feel someone just lit and dumped a bag full of firecrackers in your brain You might be surprised to find what a in-the-moonlight-mmf-bisexual-romance-mmf-anthology-edition-english-edition great teacher a metaphysician can be in the art of seeing I know I was Try and look at the world as if monadic rather than mechanistic structures characterized the pattern of ultimate reality and see for yourself the magic a metaphysical perspective shift can effect

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Die Rede Kant galt allgemein fur die Pforte deutscher Weltweisheit Allein selbst dieser lief zuletzt Gefahr uber seinen Enkeln in den Winkel gestellt zu werden und genoss obgleich man ihm noch immer die Ehre anthat ihn als Pfortner des philosophischen Horsaales zu betrachten kaum ein kargliches Gnadenbr. Leibniz s mature philosophical system written for the serious metaphysician Leibniz discusses in depth Monads souls minds arguments for God the universe as pre established harmony and man s relationship to God the-painted-art-journal-24-projects-for-creating-your-visual-narrative galt allgemein fur die Pforte deutscher Weltweisheit Allein selbst dieser lief zuletzt Gefahr uber seinen Enkeln in den Winkel how-to-do-everything-with-photoshop-cs2-ebook-colin-smith-amazon-fr-amazon-media-eu-s--r-l gestellt zu werden und the-compelling-communicator-mastering-the-art-and-science-of-exceptional-presentation-design genoss obgleich man ihm noch immer die Ehre anthat ihn als Pfortner des philosophischen Horsaales zu betrachten kaum ein kargliches Gnadenbr. Leibniz s mature philosophical system written for the serious metaphysician Leibniz discusses in depth Monads souls minds arguments for God the universe as pre established harmony and man s relationship to God


About the Author: Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz

Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz ˈlaɪbnɪts; German ˈɡɔtfʁiːt ˈvɪlhɛlm fɔn ˈlaɪbnɪts or ˈlaɪpnɪts; July 1 1646 – November 14 1716 was a German polymath and philosopherHe occupies a prominent place in the history of mathematics and the history of philosophy Most scholars believe Leibniz developed calculus independently of Isaac Newton and Leibniz's notation has been widely used ever since