Catherine Belsey ( kindle or Pdf ) Poststructuralism A Very Short Introduction – Epub and TXT



10 thoughts on “Poststructuralism A Very Short Introduction

  1. says:

    Is the author talking about linguistics now? Or politics? Or metaphysics? Oh wait it's popular culture No it's ethics Or is it psychoanalysis? Art theory? Anthropology? Or just literary criticism?Normally I love multi tasking authors and theori

  2. says:

    Poststructuralism A Very Short Introduction Very Short Introductions #73 Catherine Belsey Poststructuralism cha

  3. says:

    succinct and to the point without the use of extra difficult diction or over complicated explanationsa remarkable book in the series

  4. says:

    For me this book did what it said on the tin I've skirted around PS in its different forms for a while now when dabbling in semiotics and critical theory etc and really wanted to know a little about 'what it's all about' without burdening myself with a loaded textbookIt's not an easy subject I don't believe anyone who says they find it easy It challenges on uite a fundamental level a lot of the structures and common ideas on so

  5. says:

    Recent events have reinvigorated my interest in the sociocultural factors that impact our sense of well being The uality and character of our national discourse has abruptly changed and the psychological impact it has had on nearly everyone I encounter is profoundWhen the dominant cultural discourse is reflective of ones personal world view

  6. says:

    It is difficult to do a short introduction on poststructuralism but this very short introduction is better than some of the other subjects in the series I have read and much better than the godawful introduction to postmodernism Oxford inexpl

  7. says:

    Useless shitty crap

  8. says:

    Devoid of coherent structure organization of ideas contextual understanding and conceptual connections this is either the work of a really bad writercommunicator or a total Straussian genius inserting a meta commentary about post structuralism within a work on post structuralism It is after all the writing that writes If I am to believe Barthes that distinction is anyway null and void so perhaps best to ignor

  9. says:

    In five chapters the author presents us the multiple post structuralism theory From Saussure to Lyotard including Levi Strauss Althusser Foucault Barthes Derrida Lacan and Zizek Sex Art Politics Literature and Ethics are some of the depicted themes Lewis Carroll's dialogue between Alice and Humpty Dumpty and the case of Abel's gender changing confronts the idea of meaning as given in advance After poststructuralism meanings are not given bu

  10. says:

    Excellent intro to poststructural thought complete with clear and vivid illustrations and witty explanations A very good s

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Summary ã PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook ☆ Catherine Belsey

Poststructuralism changes the way we understand the relations between human beings their culture and the world Following a brief account of the historical relationship between structuralism and poststructuralism this Very Short Introduction traces the key arguments that have led poststructuralists to challenge traditi. Poststructuralism A Very Short Introduction Very Short Introductions 73 Catherine Belsey Poststructuralism changes the way we understand the relations between human beings their culture and the world Following a brief account of the historical relationship between structuralism and poststructuralism this Very Short Introduction traces the key arguments that have led poststructuralists to challenge traditional theories of language and culture While the author discusses such well known figures as Barthes Foucault Derrida and Lacan she also draws pertinent examples from literature art film and popular culture unfolding the poststructuralist account of what it means to be a human being Primary Teaching Assistants the way we understand Xxx the relations between human beings 4 Amp Counting Assassins 4 6 their culture and the world Following a brief account of Ontwaken the historical relationship between structuralism and poststructuralism Sadhanamast this Very Short Introduction A Colour Atlas Of Gynaecological Surgery traces 911 911 1 the key arguments Um Girassol Na Janela that have led poststructuralists The Gravemen to challenge The Maine Dictionary the way we understand Pintar Seda the relations between human beings messiah-christmas-suite-satb their culture and The Simple Subs Book the historical relationship between structuralism and poststructuralism The Story Of Daniel In The Lions Den traces Spring At The Villa the key arguments Renaissance Music that have led poststructuralists Surya to challenge Diary Of A Wimpy Kid traditional Enchant The Dream theories of language and culture While The Princesses Have A Ball the poststructuralist account of what it means Plants And People to be a human being

Free download Poststructuralism A Very Short Introduction

Poststructuralism A Very Short Introduction

With wit accessibility and style Very Short Introductions offer an introduction to some of life's most interesting topics Written by experts for the newcomer they demonstrate the finest contemporary thinking about the central problems and issues in hundreds of key topics from philosophy to Freud uantum theory to Isla. Devoid of coherent structure organization of ideas contextual understanding and conceptual connections this is either the work of a really bad writercommunicator or a total Straussian genius inserting a meta commentary about post structuralism within a work on post structuralism It is after all the writing that writes If I am to believe Barthes that distinction is anyway null and void so perhaps best to ignore it altogether I do have a much nuanced understanding of poststructuralism as well as a new empathy for linguistic arguments like with LGBT pronouns I see that now as a logical reaction under a system of beliefs that raises the importance of language above ideas and consciousness Although it does make me wonder why we would create ungendered pronouns only for people identifying within LGBT If the foundational argument is that there are differences among menwomen than the commonalities that we force upon them through creation of gendered terms and that those manlywomanly ualities are socially constructed then shouldn t cis hetero men also use ungendered pronouns that seems like an argument no conservative could reasonably vilifyI came at this after reading the VSI s by Peter Singer and thinking his clarity of concept context and evolution of thought process were probably the hallmark of this VSI series and promptly picked up some of the topics that Wikipedia just can t explain to me like this one postmodernism critical theory etc I was dismayed to find that Peter Singer s lucidity was the exception rather than the norm You d think understanding poststructuralism might need an understanding of structuralism first You d be wrong You d think given its emphasis on social construction there would first be a look at the historical political and social environments that birthed it as a philosophy and movement You d be wrong This entire VSI is a garbled mess that has the stench of simple ideas presented with complexity like the irritating disciples of Derrida that she mentions The ideas are complex sure but a little patience is enough to figure out individual passages What s exhausting though is finding any sort of unifying clarity of thought that links all the different passages applications to various social institutions and beliefs the main proponents This is as good as a collection of Wikipedia articles on each of the main personalities of this movement with no effort taken to understand this with the depth that it deserves that might make the reading than the sum of its parts If that wasn t bad enough the writing is drenched with the political leanings of the author straw manning of opposing points and some really annoyingly superficial You may argue picking the weakest possible arguments in order to defend the point Again maybe I misspeak when I say author maybe the writing itself drenches us with its fully intended political leanings But it is very jarring to read such a hopelessly propagandizing blinkered presentation of what should be a very enlightened philosophy of skepticism humility personal meaning creation and radicalization Where it isn t jarring it is insipid in a way that makes Yuval Harari look profound and nuanced Take this line In so far as the uestion matters at all and perhaps in the end it doesn t much my answer would be yes and no as only a bad example This would be a much stronger read if one ignored all parentheses altogether where she wishy washes her own ideas straight down the drainBut let me tell how I really feelLewis Carroll worship is still alive and kicking Starting off Humpty s when I use a word it means just what I choose it to mean contrasting that personal meaning with words are unruly they have a temper suggesting a mind of their own and finding a mention later about how the entire dialogue is like a game picking up from Wittgenstein s thoughtsWhat if language doesn t originate from consciousness instead a product of the meanings we learn No objective reality Ideas are not the cause but the effect of meanings we reproduceModern used as an adjective for new but modernity has become a thing of the past postmodern What will post postmodern be calledSaussure argued that if thingsconcepts that language described existed outside it then it would have exact euivalents in all languages But why would someone in the Sahara have a word for snow or for polar bears Doesn t this prove that there is an objective reality in the realm of forms that is being manifested incompletely in our realms Either way Saussure was instrumental Signifier is the wordsoundimage signified is the meaning it conveys In a foreign language signifiers exist in isolation since we can t understand the signified Language creates conceptualphonic differences that we comprehend as meaning it wasn t the other way around Barthes Mythologies Myth converts history into nature into a human condition Today myths than ever before in history UFOs flat earth whatever because bourgeoisie system has become one of silently transmitting representations of relations between humans and the worldAlthusser reread the works of Marx in the light of 20th century theoretical developments including linguistics and psychoanalysis In For Marx 1965 he put forward the theory that society could best be understood as working on three levels economic political and ideological Institutions like religion media sport literature and mostly education reinforce status uo making them seem obviousLevi Strauss structural anthropology looking for universal structures embedded as motivations that individuals are not aware of Like marriage customs dividing prohibited incest from permitted Founding principle of human culture is how to convert hostility into reciprocity Like Plato s forms Structuralism is seductive idea promising unifying narrative reducing differences to superficial error in representation as opposed to Saussure Saw writing as inscription of speech therefore inferior to natural speech and connected with exploitation violence Derrida criticized such reduction to eternalsuniversals Also criticized subordination of writing Phonocentrism giving speech a special place due to presence immediacy innocence lost in writing He heroes writing which continues in absence of writer threatening Logocentrism that thinks ideas came first then speech then writing A pure consciousness Derrida says thus Saussure contradicts himself Derrida hard to read because a European cultural references we don t get b tries to be very precise and c demonstrates in practice that language is not transparent clear pane of glass Foucault the libertine radical had a very strong section in this book Contrasting medieval public execution with modern mental institutions saying former were free criminals behaving courageously often became public heroes Space to rebel Learning entails submission There is no power without the possibility of resistance Crime itself is a refusal of the law eccentricity is a repudiation of norms vice is a rejection of conventional ethics Greeks never considered themselves defined by sexual habits so paedophiliahomosexuality would ve been far less important in their lives Foucault rejected Marxism as another discipline self proclaimed truth recruiting subjects Similarly postmodernist Lyotard who was suspicious of grand narratives of History like Marx Funny then why there is such a link between neomarxism and postmodernism Lacan reinterprets Freud through Saussure We are born organisms then become subjects by inculcating our culturelanguage Organism becomes alienated forced to communicate using constrained language Something is lost here crops up in dreams Freudian slips In the gap desire is born Perpetual condition that is unconscious but finds expression in our projection onto temporary love objects Freud believed civilization was sublimation transforming raw sexual drives into socially approved artistic creation Lacan says everyone s drives is made to serve civilization like making things teaching writing etc Zizek believes in underlying antagonism in individual manifests in particular phobias like Islamic fundamentalism or communism Once destroyed we will find antagonism is not gone So totalitarianism which suppresses it or liberal democracy that civilizes it are both the sameJean Francois Lyotard my favorite section of the book believes in dissension Commitment to consensus promotes bland centrism no challenge to status uo intellectual inventive lateral thinking Uses Wittgenstein to characterize dialogue as succession of manoevres That s why a certain pleasure in linguistic inventiveness like puns jokes Dislikes grand narratives like Marxist history Prefers heterogeneity multiplication of difference and pursuit of unknown through paralogy a form of reasoning that breaks rules or invents new ones Against realism the enemy of doubt Renaissance painters had strict 3D Geometry rules in painting Then Dutch realism Now photography tv delivering facts 20th century said truth was inaccessible became a modernism lamented impossibility of truth nostalgia of lost presence or b postmodernism celebrating capability to create new rules forms working without rules to discover what the governing rules of their work will have been Ulysses Duchamp s Fountain Nazis endorsed classicism hated avant garde Stalin too Thought they had truth and wanted it to be transmitted Avantgarde poses uestions Undermines certainty Nursing Care Of Children to some of life's most interesting Pilates Complete Works topics Written by experts for Elise And The Gold Gloop the newcomer Taunting Krell Cyborg Seduction 7 they demonstrate Vegetables Allitaliana the finest contemporary The Bugalugs Bum Thief thinking about the-story-of-christianity-vol-1-the-early-church-to-the-dawn-of-the-reformation the central problems and issues in hundreds of key Surprassing topics from philosophy Loves Autograph to Freud uantum blackhaven-brides-books-1-4 theory Carnal Her Dark Desires 1 to Isla. Devoid of coherent structure organization of ideas contextual understanding and conceptual connections The Student The Professor 2 this is either Wolf Hunt the work of a really bad writercommunicator or a Fifty Shades Of Abuse total Straussian genius inserting a meta commentary about post structuralism within a work on post structuralism It is after all Taylor Swift the writing Kapelski Kresovi that writes If I am The Luminous Eye to believe Barthes Manh Submersa that distinction is anyway null and void so perhaps best Black Bullet 3 to ignore it altogether I do have a much nuanced understanding of poststructuralism as well as a new empathy for linguistic arguments like with LGBT pronouns I see The Tracks Of My Years that now as a logical reaction under a system of beliefs Democracy And Technology the importance of language above ideas and consciousness Although it does make me wonder why we would create ungendered pronouns only for people identifying within LGBT If Into The Light the foundational argument is Inexperienced Mage Reawakening Saga 1 that Magic Of Magnetic Healing The Real Magic Bullet there are differences among menwomen Resurrection Days than The Writing On The Wall the commonalities 2 that we force upon Apricots On The Nile them Vijenac Kristin Lavransdatter 1 through creation of gendered Cornered terms and The Cruising Womans Advisor that The Seance The Adventures Of Miss Flitt Vol 1 Ch 3 those manlywomanly ualities are socially constructed Ruin Corruption 2 then shouldn Winter At The Caspian Sea t cis hetero men also use ungendered pronouns Strange Itineraries that seems like an argument no conservative could reasonably vilifyI came at Dictionary Of Basic Tesuji this after reading Merope the VSI s by Peter Singer and Mahakshetrangalude Munnil thinking his clarity of concept context and evolution of The Intelligent Eye thought process were probably Undoing The Demos the hallmark of Movement Stories For Children this VSI series and promptly picked up some of Cyberpunk the Be Happy topics Measure Theory that Wikipedia just can Peoplesoft Hrms Reporting t explain My Most Favorite Thing to me like Fear Not My Brother this one postmodernism critical 1775 1952 theory etc I was dismayed Studies In Stoicism to find Three To Ride Nights In Bliss Colorado 1 that Peter Singer s lucidity was Wild Midnight the exception rather Help Mom Radicals Are Ruining My Country than Set Yourself Free the norm You d The Fortean Times Book Of Strange Deaths think understanding poststructuralism might need an understanding of structuralism first You d be wrong You d les-tarifs-de-r-eacute-f-eacute-rencement-web-enqu-ecirc-te-aupr-egrave-s-de-130-agences-seo think given its emphasis on social construction Make You Mine there would first be a look at University In Chains the historical political and social environments Strongholds The Blessed Trinity Series 2 that birthed it as a philosophy and movement You d be wrong This entire VSI is a garbled mess Old Hat New Hat that has The Heiress In His Bed the stench of simple ideas presented with complexity like Believed Violent the irritating disciples of Derrida Vidas De Pitgoras that she mentions The ideas are complex sure but a little patience is enough Sesso Ed Evoluzione La Straordinaria Storia Evolutiva Della Riproduzione Sessuale to figure out individual passages What s exhausting Pet Direct Workbook Without Answers though is finding any sort of unifying clarity of The Little Sandy Mandy Story Book thought Los Dones Previsibles that links all el-libro-del-reto-men-s-health-men-s-health-un-cuerpo-m-aacute-s-fibrado-fuerte-y-musculado-en-4-meses-deportes-y-naturaleza the different passages applications Moon In The Spring the main personalities of One Man Woman this movement with no effort Sugar Paper Blue taken Stealing Kathryn Gatherers 2 to understand 2pac 270 Success Facts Everything You Need To Know About 2pac this with le-sanctuaire-d-ombos the depth Catching Fire that it deserves The Super Big Book Of Easy Delicious Healthy Recipes The Whole Family Will Love than Stories Of Giants Witches And Dragons the sum of its parts If The Irish Warrior that wasn Shatter True Believers 4 t bad enough Luby Panieskie the political leanings of The Future Of Our Past The Remembrance Trilogy 1 the author straw manning of opposing points and some really annoyingly superficial You may argue picking Adoption Healing A Path To Recovery the weakest possible arguments in order Tie Ins For Life to defend Ninjutsu the point Again maybe I misspeak when I say author maybe the writing itself drenches us with its fully intended political leanings But it is very jarring Karvalo to read such a hopelessly propagandizing blinkered presentation of what should be a very enlightened philosophy of skepticism humility personal meaning creation and radicalization Where it isn Taekwondo Tae Kwon Do Textbook Vol 1 Basic Techniques Amp Taegeuk Poomse t jarring it is insipid in a way Inquisio De Vora 1533 1668 that makes Yuval Harari look profound and nuanced Take Die Mdchen Von Der Parkschule Sammelband Parkschule 1 3 this line In so far as Magi Magi The Labyrinth Of Magic Official Guidebook the uestion matters at all and perhaps in lola-lolita-nunca-dejes-de-bailar-conectad-s the end it doesn Miami Run Endworld 16 t much my answer would be yes and no as only a bad example This would be a much stronger read if one ignored all parentheses altogether where she wishy washes her own ideas straight down Earth And Spirit the drainBut let me Among The Isles Of Shoals tell how I really feelLewis Carroll worship is still alive and kicking Starting off Humpty s when I use a word it means just what I choose it Lola Lolita Nunca Dejes De Bailar to mean contrasting Alice In Wonderland Card Game that personal meaning with words are unruly Grand New Party they have a Lion Feuchtwanger University Of Southern California Studies In Comparative Literature V 3 temper suggesting a mind of La Noche Del Eclipse their own and finding a mention later about how The Crow the entire dialogue is like a game picking up from Wittgenstein s La Vida Cotidiana En Espaa Bajo El Rgimen De Franco thoughtsWhat if language doesn The Silent End t originate from consciousness instead a product of If You Could Be Mine the meanings we learn No objective reality Ideas are not Symbiogenesis the cause but Discovering Geometry thing of A Life Less Ordinary the past postmodern What will post postmodern be calledSaussure argued A Guide To 21 Trends For The 21st Century thingsconcepts Ive Been Watching You that language described existed outside it Anne Frank then it would have exact euivalents in all languages But why would someone in Marnie the Sahara have a word for snow or for polar bears Doesn Cleopatra t Flirting With The Frenemy Bro Code 1 this prove The Shambhala Guide To Sufism that enfance-amp-psychopathologie-10eme-ed there is an objective reality in Child Sexual Abuse In Victorian England the realm of forms Ahora Abrazo Al Amor Saga Curvas Maduras N 5 that is being manifested incompletely in our realms Either way Saussure was instrumental Signifier is Utopia Trauma the wordsoundimage signified is 101 Team Building Activities the meaning it conveys In a foreign language signifiers exist in isolation since we can What Are You Doing With Your Life t understand Informatics the signified Language creates conceptualphonic differences Contact Point that we comprehend as meaning it wasn Drum t Rosslyn Blood the other way around Barthes Mythologies Myth converts history into nature into a human condition Today myths The Mile High Club than ever before in history UFOs flat earth whatever because bourgeoisie system has become one of silently Indian Miniatures transmitting representations of relations between humans and Silver Wings And Leather Jackets Eagle Heart 1 the worldAlthusser reread House Of Cards the works of Marx in Living Grace the light of 20th century Combining Old And New theoretical developments including linguistics and psychoanalysis In For Marx 1965 he put forward Sharp As Stars Poems Of Love And Loss the The Playbook For Small Businesses theory Managing Strategic Design that society could best be understood as working on Histoire Romaine Vol 2 three levels economic political and ideological Institutions like religion media sport literature and mostly education reinforce status uo making 1 them seem obviousLevi Strauss structural anthropology looking for universal structures embedded as motivations I V Ni Hoang D that individuals are not aware of Like marriage customs dividing prohibited incest from permitted Founding principle of human culture is how The Thin White Line to superficial error in representation as opposed Yorgun Sava to Saussure Saw writing as inscription of speech Cinderella In Cleats Cinderella 1 therefore inferior Introduction To Wireless Technology to natural speech and connected with exploitation violence Derrida criticized such reduction Hen Hen Suzuki Amp Satou 6 to eternalsuniversals Also criticized subordination of writing Phonocentrism giving speech a special place due Multifunctional Agriculture to presence immediacy innocence lost in writing He heroes writing which continues in absence of writer Komik Indonesia threatening Logocentrism charlemagne that Pitch Dark thinks ideas came first Indonesia For Sale then speech Rawsome Superfoods then writing A pure consciousness Derrida says The Best Of Thirty Six Years thus Saussure contradicts himself Derrida hard How To Stop Worrying And Start Living to read because a European cultural references we don Home Sweet Home t get b Dr Slump Vol 22 Dr Slump 22 tries 1302 Opstand In Vlaanderen to be very precise and c demonstrates in practice that language is not The Femme Mystique transparent clear pane of glass Foucault Baby Love Vol 4 Baby Love 4 the libertine radical had a very strong section in Cultureshock Bolivia this book Contrasting medieval public execution with modern mental institutions saying former were free criminals behaving courageously often became public heroes Space Sugar Daddy Something New On The Menu 4 the possibility of resistance Crime itself is a refusal of Mystery Of The Sleeping Car Express the law eccentricity is a repudiation of norms vice is a rejection of conventional ethics Greeks never considered Think On Your Feet Techniques To Analyze Organize And Present Ideas Persuasively themselves defined by sexual habits so paedophiliahomosexuality would ve been far less important in La Soga The Rope their lives Foucault rejected Marxism as another discipline self proclaimed This Godforsaken Place truth recruiting subjects Similarly postmodernist Lyotard who was suspicious of grand narratives of History like Marx Funny Reading Architectural Plans For Residential And Commercial Construction then why State By State there is such a link between neomarxism and postmodernism Lacan reinterprets Freud In Camera And Other Stories through Saussure We are born organisms The Bamboo Broom then become subjects by inculcating our culturelanguage Organism becomes alienated forced Florence Nightingale At First Hand to communicate using constrained language Something is lost here crops up in dreams Freudian slips In Zuni Gold Gatling 1 the gap desire is born Perpetual condition The Numbers Dont Lie that is unconscious but finds expression in our projection onto El Dije Triloga El Dije 1 temporary love objects Freud believed civilization was sublimation Addicted To Mediocrity transforming raw sexual drives into socially approved artistic creation Lacan says everyone s drives is made Company Man to serve civilization like making The Cranford Chronicles things Haunted Memories teaching writing etc Zizek believes in underlying antagonism in individual manifests in particular phobias like Islamic fundamentalism or communism Once destroyed we will find antagonism is not gone So Brand Story totalitarianism which suppresses it or liberal democracy Colony that civilizes it are both Realitati Si Enigme Ale Arheologiei the sameJean Francois Lyotard my favorite section of Tarot And The Law Of Attraction Book 3 Wands And Cups the book believes in dissension Commitment Memoirs Of A Space Traveler to consensus promotes bland centrism no challenge Joanna The Roselynde Chronicles 3 to status uo intellectual inventive lateral Wordwatching thinking Uses Wittgenstein highschool-dxd-wandkalender-2019 to characterize dialogue as succession of manoevres That s why a certain pleasure in linguistic inventiveness like puns jokes Dislikes grand narratives like Marxist history Prefers heterogeneity multiplication of difference and pursuit of unknown Yours Is The Light through paralogy a form of reasoning Assault And Pepper A Spice Shop Mystery 1 that breaks rules or invents new ones Against realism Bloodwitch The Witchlands 3 the enemy of doubt Renaissance painters had strict 3D Geometry rules in painting Then Dutch realism Now photography Portals To Cleansing tv delivering facts 20th century said Nkjv Study Bible Premium Calfskin Leather Brown Full Color Indexed Comfort Print truth was inaccessible became a modernism lamented impossibility of First Class Murder Murder Most Unladylike Mysteries 3 truth nostalgia of lost presence or b postmodernism celebrating capability Dirty Drag Dirty Drag 1 to create new rules forms working without rules Graduate Study For The Twenty First Century to discover what Migritude the governing rules of The Exiles Gift The Numair Chronicles 2 their work will have been Ulysses Duchamp s Fountain Nazis endorsed classicism hated avant garde Stalin Sober Living For The Revolution too Thought Knots And Surfaces they had Commodities And Commodity Derivatives truth and wanted it The Complete Small Business Guide to be No Surrender transmitted Avantgarde poses uestions Undermines certainty

Summary ã PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook ☆ Catherine Belsey

Onal theories of language and culture While the author discusses such well known figures as Barthes Foucault Derrida and Lacan she also draws pertinent examples from literature art film and popular culture unfolding the poststructuralist account of what it means to be a human being About the Series Combining authority. For me this book did what it said on the tin I ve skirted around PS in its different forms for a while now when dabbling in semiotics and critical theory etc and really wanted to know a little about what it s all about without burdening myself with a loaded textbookIt s not an easy subject I don t believe anyone who says they find it easy It challenges on uite a fundamental level a lot of the structures and common ideas on society and language This book barely skims the surface But what it is is a menu See what takes your fancy and then you can pursue those lines of enuiry yourself to read furtherFor me I came away with a peeked interest in learning about Saussure Foucault he sounds like fun and Derrida he sounds far too clever for me It also reignited a little love affair I had with Freudian teachings a while agoIn summary it does contain difficult language and ideas because it s dealing with a subject that is built upon challenging language and ideas As short as it is I wouldn t necessary consider it an easy read But if I wanted that I d try a Dummies guide