Epub [Θεογονία food history] AUTHOR Hesiod

Hesiod à 0 SUMMARY

This commentary contains a detailed discussion of the problems of the text its interpretation construction and religious and mythological background The Prolegomena deal with the nature of theog. One cannot compare Hesiod s Theogony with Homer s Illiad or Ovid s Metamorphoses for that matter Hesiod s poem does not have the wit and irony of Ovid s work nor the intriguing plot of an Illiad or an Odysseus It describes how the Greek universe with its gods came into existence and how Zeus gained sovereignty over the world as father of gods and men I would not choose this as a bedside reading unless you have difficulties with falling asleep This is sometimes a list than a poem telling who copulates with whom and who is the offspring from these encounters It has the same effect like counting sheep you doze off Once Zeus has secured his reign and the Titans are locked up in Tartaros that is exactly what he does most of the time he procreates happily with goddesses and humans This leads to the legitimate uestion why read it in the first place There are a lot of good reasons Theogony is most probably according to Richard S Caldwell the oldest work of Greek literature we have known so far It was composed during the 8th century BC It is to some extent the Greek history of creation In my opinion Theogony is therefore the right book to start with if you like to build up your knowledge of Classical Mythology I read 100 lines daily the poem has 1020 lines together with my morning coffee and this was the perfect time I highly appreciated the edition of Focus Classical Library translated and commented by Richard S Caldwell This edition offers accessible tables illustrating the different family trees a very helpful introduction and commentaries It has also a psychological interpretation of myth which one might find helpful I would have preferred the incorporation of Hesiod s second work Works and Days instead of which this edition offers only a short appendix

CHARACTERS Θεογονία

Θεογονία

Ransmission of the poem and the language and metre both of the Theogony and of the Works and Days The text is based on a complete view of the manuscript tradition accompanied by critical apparat. Theogony traces the creation of the cosmos and the genealogy of the Greek gods There s a cornucopia of nasty stuff here patricide incest blatant misogyny swallowing up one s own progeny and whatnot Typical Greek mythology stuff I was expecting a fascinating encounter but it turned out be dry and monotonous and failed to grab my attention Being an oratory work I guess we do miss its purported impact when read in print I would have been delighted if there was an Ian Mckellen rendering his Odyssey was delightful

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Onic literature and the forms it has taken among many peoples the relationship between Hesiod's poem and Near Eastern myths the principles on which his genealogies are constructed his date the t. Hesiod I think has been shoved too often as being a misogynist because of the lines below And Zeus who thunders on high was stung in spirit and his dear heart was angered when he saw amongst men the far seen ray of fire Forthwith he made an evil thing for men as the price of fire for the very famous Limping God formed of earth the likeness of a shy maiden as the son of Cronos willed And the goddess bright eyed Athene girded and clothed her with silvery raiment and down from her head she spread with her hands a broidered veil a wonder to see and she Pallas Athene put about her head lovely garlands flowers of new grown herbs Also she put upon her head a crown of gold which the very famous Limping God made himself and worked with his own hands as a favour to Zeus his father On it was much curious work wonderful to see for of the many creatures which the land and sea rear up he put most upon it wonderful things like living beings with voices and great beauty shone out from itBut when he had made the beautiful evil to be the price for the blessing he brought her out delighting in the finery which the bright eyed daughter of a mighty father had given her to the place where the other gods and men were And wonder took hold of the deathless gods and mortal men when they saw that which was sheer guile not to be withstood by menFor from her is the race of women and female kind of her is the deadly race and tribe of women who live amongst mortal men to their great trouble no helpmeets in hateful poverty but only in wealth And as in thatched hives bees feed the drones whose nature is to do mischief by day and throughout the day until the sun goes down the bees are busy and lay the white combs while the drones stay at home in the covered skeps and reap the toil of others into their own bellies even so Zeus who thunders on high made women to be an evil to mortal men with a nature to do evil And he gave them a second evil to be the price for the good they had whoever avoids marriage and the sorrows that women cause and will not wed reaches deadly old age without anyone to tend his years and though he at least has no lack of livelihood while he lives yet when he is dead his kinsfolk divide his possessions amongst them And as for the man who chooses the lot of marriage and takes a good wife suited to his mind evil continually contends with good for whoever happens to have mischievous children lives always with unceasing grief in his spirit and heart within him and this evil cannot be healedSo it is not possible to deceive or go beyond the will of Zeus for not even the son of Iapetus kindly Prometheus escaped his heavy anger but of necessity strong bands confined him although he knew many a wileIt would seem to me that Prometheus of the Theogony was on the side of mortalsmen against Zeus It is significant that a mortal son of Zeus releases Prometheus a mortal son whom we can only assume to be born of the line of the unnamed mortal clay woman made by Hephaestus and clothed by Athena I think it is the crown of gold not the woman who was evil as no name is given to her I am reminded of Ares and Aphrodite where Hephaestus caught them in his bed together and trapped them and the daughter born of that union Harmonia he gave a cursed cloak and necklace on her wedding to Kadmos of Thebes Herackles is identified as being Theban bornHarmonia s mother is also given to be Electra daughter of Atlas brother of Prometheus and Pleione her sisters being the Pleiades Hyades and a brother HyasDionysus a son of Kadmos and Harmonia s daughter Semele and Zeus had a wife in Ariadne who was given a crown to upon her wedding day and it was later placed among the starsIn women mortal men of Greek myth face a situation like fire which can be both evil and a blessing basically a you can t live with them and you can t live without them mindset so it s interesting to wonder if Zeus was seen as a god of women mortal and Prometheus a god of men mortal


10 thoughts on “Θεογονία

  1. says:

    One cannot compare Hesiod’s ‘Theogony’ with Homer’s ‘Illiad’ or Ovid’s ‘Metamorphoses’ for that matter Hesiod’s poem does not have the wit and irony of Ovid’s work nor the intriguing plot of

  2. says:

    When we were introduced to classical Greek

  3. says:

    The Greek Genesis26 October 2012 There seems to be a debate as to the usefulness of this little text and I would pretty much fall into the category of not much The reason that I say that is because if this book was lost t

  4. says:

    For a while I'd mistakenly thought Ovid's Metamorphoses was simply a Roman rip off of this book and it turned out I wasn't uite cor

  5. says:

    When you really want to start at the beginning You read Theogony Wonderful poetry by Hesiod And it reminded me so much of some biblical texts as well as The Iliad and The Odyssey It's than a poem It's a powerful connection with our forefathers who wrote this outstanding piece of cultural rich deity genealogy as well as cosmology all those thousands of years ago Key reading to anyone interested in Western Philo

  6. says:

    Hesiod I think has been shoved too often as being a misogynist because of the lines below And Zeus who thunders on high was stung in spirit and his dear heart was angered when he saw amongst men the far seen ray of fire Forthwith he made an evil thing for men as the price of fire; for the very famous Limping God formed of earth the likeness of a shy maiden as the son of Cronos willed And the goddess bright eyed

  7. says:

    One cannot and would not be justified to compare it with Homer and his worksBeing likely a synthesis of mythologic

  8. says:

    Yes One of the oldest books ever written maybe 700 BC I can't say much about how it's written because I think it was translated countless times and probably it's not even near to the original but still it was a little difficult to re

  9. says:

    Theogony traces the creation of the cosmos and the genealogy of the Greek gods There’s a cornucopia of nasty stuff here patricide incest blatant misogyny swallowing up one's own progeny and whatnot Typical Greek mythology stuff I was expecting a fascinating encounter but it turned out be dry and monotonous and failed to grab my attention Being an oratory work I guess we do miss its purported impact when read in print I would have been

  10. says:

    Hesiod is important because he's the only one who told the story of creation the beginning of everything I admire him for that no one else wondered how these gods came into existence but his style of writing is insipid it was boring and it was full of names that none of them were important in the story it's not even a story it's like he's giving a chronological report of everything that happened

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